TRANSACTIONS OF THE KRYLOV STATE RESEARCH CENTRE

Science journal

 
ISSN (print) 2542-2324 /(online) 2618-8244


Articles of The Transactions of KSRC








Russian boiler-turbine plants for surface sea-going warships and auxiliary vessels



Full text article ( in russian )

Year

 
2017

Issue

 
379

Volume

 
1

Pages

 
86-99

Caption

 
Russian boiler-turbine plants for surface sea-going warships and auxiliary vessels

Authors

 
Nikitin V.S., Polovinkin V.N., Baranovsky V.V.

Keywords

 
sea-going warships, ship boiler-turbine powerplants, steam machines and turbines, boiler systems, engine & boiler rooms, steam generation capacity, боевые надводные корабли океанской зоны, корабельные котлотурбинные энергетиче- ские установки, паровые котлы, паровые машины и турбины, котлоагрегаты, машинно-котельные отделения, паропроизводительность

Summary

 
Object and purpose of research. Systematic retrospective review of the Russian boiler-turbine systems, development milestones, as well as outlook for their application on modern warships.
Subject matter and methods. Three stages in development of the Russian boiler-turbine plants (BTP) are covered: early steam turbine theory and practices, main pre-WW II types of systems, outlook for future development. Special attention is paid to the post-war BTP development for main ship types, including modern naval platforms. The system analysis and system approach along with the principle of tradition continuity are employed.
Main results. Trends in development of BTP are examined along with the main advantages and shortcomings, requirements for advanced systems are formulated, and the most promising design options of this type of powerplants are highlighted. Technical and economic characteristics of modern and prospective BTP are analysed.
Conclusion. Modern BTP are significantly inferior to gas-turbine and diesel-engine powerplants in terms of economic efficiency, weight & size, automation level of main working processes, personnel training costs and payroll. However, in spite of a slump in application of boiler-turbine systems as the main powerplants of naval ships, it is pre-mature to assume that this type of plants belong to history. Current R&D projects indicate that the economic efficiency of BTP could be brought close to the eco- nomic efficiency of the fourth generation gas-turbine engines.

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