TRANSACTIONS OF THE KRYLOV STATE RESEARCH CENTRE

Science journal

 
ISSN (print) 2542-2324 /(online) 2618-8244


Articles of The Transactions of KSRC








Risk-oriented approach as a research method for the effect of man-made underwater noise upon marine ecosystems



Full text article ( in russian)

Year

 
2022

Issue

 
402

Volume

 
4

Pages

 
126-140

Caption

 
Risk-oriented approach as a research method for the effect of man-made underwater noise upon marine ecosystems

Authors

 
Malyarenko N.L.

Keywords

 
man-made underwater noise, marine ecosystems, ecosystem management, environmental risk, risk-oriented approach

DOI

 
10.24937/2542-2324-2022-4-402-126-140

Summary

 
Object and purpose of research. This paper discusses the effect of man-made underwater noise upon marine ecosystems. The purpose was to investigate the international practice of applying the risk-oriented approach to determination of environmental impact for man-made underwater noise in terms of marine ecosystems, as well as to discuss the introduction of risk management tools and conceptual models of ecosystem-based management of man-made underwater noise, including the Arctic areas.
Subject matter and methods. This paper is based upon the methodical materials developed by KSRC, international risk management standards, as well as Russian and foreign publications in this field. The study relies on system analysis methods.
Main results. The study analysed the results of international investigations regarding the assessment of man-made underwater noise effect upon marine ecosystems using the methodology of environmental risk management. It also discussed conceptual approaches to the assessment of marine noise pollution. As a case study, this paper discussed a regional environmental risk assessment in terms of shipping noise effect upon whales. The study concludes that risk-based and ecosystem-oriented approaches are possible and practicable to apply in man-made underwater noise management so as to preserve biodiversity and environmental status of Russian seas.
Conclusion. International projects and programs rely on risk-based assessments in their approaches to the investigation of man-made underwater noise effect upon marine ecosystems. Russia needs its own scientific basis for man-made underwater noise management based on the methodology and practice of risk-oriented approach.

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ISSN (print) 2542-2324 / ISSN (online) 2618-8244

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